Launching spacecraft for customers aroud the world

Japanese companies that have built up technological capabilities and know-how through their involvement in the nation’s space program are now offering development and manufacturing services to customers producing commercial satellites for purposes including communications, broadcasting, and meteorology. Moreover, they are providing launch services for global customers seeking to put their commercial satellites into orbit.

MHI has entered the market for launching commercial satellites, using the large scale H-IIA launch vehicles

H-IIA


The H-IIA rocket is Japan's primary large-scale launch vehicle, which uses liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as a propellant. It was developed by JAXA, building upon the technology developed for Japan's first, purely domestic launch vehicle, the H-II. H-IIA202, with two solid boosters, has launch capability of 4 tonnes to a geostationary transfer orbit, and the H-IIA204, with four sold boosters, has launch capability of 6 tonnes. The LE-5B second-stage engine is restartable, and can accommodate multiple launch missions. After the technology transfer from JAXA, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. took over the H-IIA launch service operations, starting with the launch of H-IIA Launch Vehicle No.13 in 2007. In 2009, the company signed a contract with its first international client, after receiving a launch order for South Korea's Earth observing satellite KOMPSAT-3, which is scheduled for launch with JAXA's Earth observing satellite GCOM-W in 2011.

The ST-2 communications satellite manufactured by Mitsubishi Electric under contract from a Singapore-Taiwan telecom joint Venture
©Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Standard satellite bus DS2000


DS2000 is a standard geostationary communications satellite bus made by one of Japan's major general electronics manufacturers, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation. It has achieved 8-kW power generation in a satellite with a launch weight of approx. 4 tonnes, and can achieve up to a maximum of 12 kW. The experience and achievements Mitsubishi Electric has derived from participating in JAXA space projects over the last few decades are incorporated in this high powered and highly reliable platform.
There have been ten orders placed for DS2000 from Japan and overseas. Client projects include the JAXA quasi-zenith satellite MICHIBIKI; ST-2, a joint-venture communication satellite by Singapore and Taiwan; and Turksat-4A and -4B, by Turksat Satellite Communication, Cable TV and Operation AS.

Concept of earth observing satellites constellation using NEXTAR by NEC
©NEC Corporation

Advanced small standard satellite system NEXTAR


NEXTAR is a standard satellite bus system that is in development by one of Japan's major general electronics manufacturers, NEC. It uses the spacecraft communication technology SpaceWire to network the satellite's instruments. The satellite bus system has achieved a bus dry mass of 250 kg, payload mass capability of 200 kg max, and payload power supply of 400 W. NEXTAR's goal is to achieve quick delivery, low cost and high flexibility.
Many advanced technologies which developed for scientific spacecraft and Earth observing satellites including JAXA's asteroid explorer HAYABUSA and Advanced Land Observing Satellite DAICHI are involved in a NEXTAR.
The NEXTAR bus system was adopted for the ASNARO satellite, which was developed by the Institute for Unmanned Space Experiment Free Flyer (USEF) and will serve as NEXTAR's operational test.

Components with a global reputation
for reliability

Many of the components supplied by Japanese companies for use in satellites and other spacecraft boast substantial shares in the global market. Thanks to the skills that Japanese firms have developed in producing devices that are small, light, and reliable, their components have won the confidence of commercial satellite manufacturers around the globe.

©Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

PROX


PROX, short for Proximity Communication System, is a set of communication equipment developed for use in the H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV), which delivers cargo to the space station. The equipment is indispensable for enabling the HTV to dock safely with the space station. Mitsubishi Electric is also marketing PROX to users abroad, and it has been selected for installation in the Cygnus unmanned resupply spacecraft being developed by Orbital Sciences Corp. in the United States.

©Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
©NEC TOSHIBA Space Systems, Ltd.

Solar panels


While bathed in sunlight, satellites use solar panels to generate the electric power that they require to operate all onboard equipment. Mitsubishi Electric Corp. and NEC Corp. are being provided many solar panels to the world. Mitsubishi Electric has been selling solar panels for commercial communication satellites since the late 1980s and now holds about 50% of the global market for these components. The company's strengths include the low weight and reasonable costs of its solar panels and its extensive line of panels for specific uses in various types of satellites, available at prices to match users' budgets.

©IHI Aerospace Co., Ltd.

Thrusters


IHI Aerospace Co., Ltd., holds about 25% of the market for satellite thrusters--the small engines used to maintain satellites' orbital positions and precisely control their attitude (orientation). An important feature of IHI Aerospace's thrusters is their superior fuel economy, which prolongs a satellite's useful life.

©GS Yuasa Technology Ltd.

Lithium-ion battery cells


Lithium-ion batteries store power for satellites to use when their orbits take them through the Earth's shadow. GS Yuasa Technology Ltd. manufactures the cells, and Mitsubishi Electric assembles and sells the batteries. These batteries boast the longest life and highest energy density of any such products, and they account for 35% of the global commercial communication satellite market.

©NEC Toshiba Space Systems, Ltd.

Transponders


Transponders receive weak radio signals from Earth, amplify them, and transmit them back to Earth. They are thus core components for communications and broadcasting satellites. NEC's transponders are being used by many satellite integrators around the world because they are highly compact and extremely light. The devices are manufactured by NEC Toshiba Space Systems, Ltd., a company jointly established by NEC and Toshiba Corp.

©NEC Toshiba Space Systems, Ltd.

Earth sensors


Earth sensors are indispensable for keeping the antennas of communications and broadcasting satellites pointed in exactly the right direction by determining the orientation of the satellite relative to the Earth. This is essential to maintain the steady stream of signals between the ground and the satellite. Approximately 50% of the market for such sensors in communications and broadcasting satellites is held by NEC, whose sensors combine high detection accuracy and superior reliability.